Insolation data links

Ground-based measurements

Satellite-derived data


Bureau of Meteorology:



Opportunities for the Use of Building Integrated Photovoltaics in NSW

Muriel Watt, John Kaye, Dean Travers, Iain MacGill
Photovoltaics Special Research Centre, UNSW

Deo Prasad, P.C.Thomas, Liz Fox, SOLARCH, UNSW
Serryn Jansen, Allen, Allen & Hemsley.

Graphics of Energy Production
(kWh/m^2/day) as a Function of Orientation and Tilt
Angle for Canberra: Annual and by Month.

 Sample plot of Annual Energy Production as a function of tilt angle for Canberra

Annual Solar Insolation for Canberra by Dr Mureil Watt

Click here to download the plots - Energy Production (kWh/m^2/day) as a Function of
Orientation and Tilt Angle for Canberra: Annual and by Month


European Solar Radiation Atlas

Hong Kong

  • Monthly Meteorogical Normals and Extremes in Hong Kong



J. C. Lam and D. H. W. Li, "Study of solar radiation data for Hong Kong," Energy Conservation & Management, vol. 37, pp. 343-351, 1996.

T. Lee, D. Oppenheim, and T. J. Williamson, Australian Solar Radiation Data Handbook. Canberra: Energy Research and Development Corporation, 1995.

G. O. Lof, J. A. Duffie, and C. O. Smith, World Distribution of Solar Radiation. Madison: Solar Energy Laboratory, University of Wisconsin, 1996.

J. D. Garrison, "A program for calculation of solar energy collection by fixed and tracking collectors," Solar Energy, vol. 73, pp. 241-255, 2002.

J. Page, M. Albuisson, and L. Wald, "The European Solar Radiation Atlas: A valuable digital tool," Solar Energy, vol. 71, pp. 81-3, 2001.

R. N. Chapman, "The synthesis of solar radiation data for sizing stand-alone photovoltaic systems," presented at IEEE Photovoltaics Specialists Conference, 1990, pp. 965-70.

T. A. Reddy, The design and sizing of active solar thermal systems. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987 (Appendix D).

Sandia National Laboratories, Stand-alone photovoltaic systems. A handbook of recommended design practices (SAND87-7023), 1991.

M. Nunez, "Satellite estimation of regional solar energy statistics for Australian capital cities," Bureau of Meteorology Meteorological Study No. 39, Feb. 1990.

W. Marion and R. George, "Calculation of solar radiation using a methodology with worldwide potential," Solar Energy, vol. 71, pp. 275-83, 2001.

H. Power, "Estimating clear-sky beam irradiation from sunshine duration," Solar Energy, vol. 71, pp. 217-24, 2001.