Manufacturing Aspects and Automotive Use of Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastic and Thermosetting Composites
Professor Dr.-Ing Dr. h.c. Klaus Friedrich
Institute für Composite Maerieals (ICW GmbH), TU Kaiserslautern, Germany
In the last two decades, polymer composites have proved to be an important group of materials when light weight construction, property tailoring and specific performance are critical issues in engineering applications. The Institute for Composite Materials in Kaiserslautern, Germany (IVW GmbH) has contributed remarkably to this development, due to its various research activities in the fields of design, materials science and manufacturing of composite components.
In this presentation the IVW will be shortly introduced at first, and then state of the art activities in the field of manufacturing of advanced composites for automotive applications will be elucidated. The latter include
- Long glass fiber reinforced thermoplastics (LFT) for secondary automotive components, with emphasis to front ends, etc.
- Continuous carbon fiber reinforced thermosetting composites for car body applications, with emphasis to (i) major manufacturing methods, such as resin transfer molding, (ii) an EU- project TECABS regarding the production of an all-composite Chassis, (iii) use in exclusive sports cars.
This is then followed by potential applications for carbon fiber reinforced thermo-plastic composites, in particular (i) crash elements, (ii) a racing car seat, (iii) induction welding of bumper beams, (iv) production and recycling of an automotive fender, (v) filament wound pressure vessels, and (vi) tribological components under the automotive hood.
K. Friedrich graduated in “Manufacturing Technology” at the University of Applied Sciences (Dortmund) and in “Mechanical Engineering” at the Ruhr-University Bochum in Germany. Here, he also earned in 1978 his PhD- Degree in “Materials Science”. After industrial experience in the construction of machine elements, he was associated in 1980 as a Visiting Assistant Professor with the Center for Composite Materials, University of Delaware, USA. Funding for this stay as a Feodor Lynen Fellow was received from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. Afterwards, i.e. between 1982 and 1990, he worked as a Professor for Polymers and Composites at the Technical University Hamburg-Harburg, Germany.
In August 1990, K. Friedrich became Research Director for Materials Science at the Institute for Composite Materials (IVW), University of Kaiserslautern, Germany. He acts also as a Scientific Board Member of various international journals in the fields of materials science, composites, and tribology. Together with his co-workers he has published more than 800 papers in refereed journals, books and conference proceedings. According to ISIHighlyCited.com, Professor Friedrich is listed since 2001 as a highly cited researcher in materials science. Based on Google Scholar, the number of his citations amounts to 24014 (up to December 15, 2017), and his present H-index is 80. Further, he is editor of several books, e.g. on “Friction and Wear of Polymer Composites”, “Application of Fracture Mechanics to Composite Materials”, “Advances in Composites Tribology”, “Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites: Friction and Wear of Bulk Materials and Coatings”, and “Multifunctionality of Polymer Composites”. He holds three honorary professorships from distinguished Chinese universities, and two honorary Dr.-degrees from European institutions. In 2005, Prof. Friedrich was honoured as a World Fellow of the International Committee on Composite Materials (ICCM). Between 2006 and 2007 he spent an International Professorial Fellowship at the University of Sydney, and he worked as a consulting professor for the King Saud University in Saudi Arabia between 2008 and 2013. After his retirement from the director position of IVW, Prof. Friedrich acts as a research consultant for various institutes and industrial companies.