Simit Raval

Senior Lecturer
Minerals and Energy Resources
Contact details:
+61 2 9385 5005
+61 2 9313 7269

Rm 148, Old Main Building

Program Director - Undergraduate Mining Engineering Degree

Co-Director, Laboratory for Imaging of the Mining Environment (LIME)


Research interest


I assess the environmental impact of mining using remote sensing tools.

I use ground based, airborne and satellite based remote sensors to visualise, identify and monitor the environmental footprints of mining activities.

I analyse spectral characteristics of vegetation, water and soil to identify possible contaminations from the surrounding mining activities.


Interest in engineering

Why did you get into engineering?

I always enjoyed empirical science

What are your research goals?

My goal is to develop modelling tools based on remote sensing and GIS to identify and predict impacts of mining activities.

What do people not understand about you do?

A wealth of diagnostic information that could be generated through energy interactions of light is hard to imagine by a person who is not involved in the optical remote sensing.  

Advice for prospective mining engineers

Minimising environmental footprint and the consent from community are the two most important licences for a mine site to operate.  

Lectures/Courses taught

Socio Environmental Aspects of Mining

Environmental Management for the Mining Industry (Distance based Postgraduate course)

Mining in a Global Environment 

Underground Mining Systems 

Surface Mining Systems  


Student Projects:

  • Development of Sustainability index for Hunter Valley coal mines
  • Incorporating remote sensing as a tool to assist rehabilitation monitoring in a dolomite mining operation in South Australia
  • Investigation into the factors affecting digital image analysis of mine wall monitoring
  • Investigating multiple utilities of a single satellite acquisition for mining
  • Spectral analysis of water for selected total suspended solids
  • Understanding the impacts of coal mining on groundwater and surrounding vegetation in the Hunter Valley region
  • Fugitive metal detection in soil around Yerranderie Silver Mine – A remote sensing approach   

Looking for students for projects related to:

  • Hyperspectral remote sensing for detecting metal intake in plants
  • Spectroscopy for saline soils
  • Spectral characteristics of mine water
  • GIS in mining  

Professional Organisations positions

  • Member of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM)
  • Member of the international Society of Mining Professors (SOMP)
  • Co-Chair for the joint ACT & NSW Chapters of Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society (GRSS) of IEEE


  • Recipient of internationally competitive, merit-based Endeavour Postgraduate Award funded by the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations –Australia (2008).
  • Recipient of the inaugural Australian Centre for Sustainable Mining Practices (ACSMP) scholarship (2010).


Secured research funding of over $88,000 in 2012-2013 for following projects:

  • Investigating capabilities of an advanced Interferometry in detecting horizontal displacement at the Metropolitan Mine (2012)
  • Investigating the capabilities of hyperspectral remote sensing in detecting fugitive metals around the Yerranderie Silver Mine in the Blue Mountains National Park (2013)
  • Development of satellite imagery based most suitable vegetation index to monitor mine site rehabilitation (2013)
  • Assessing the effectiveness of biodiversity offsetting efforts to balance conservation and mining industry impacts (2013)



PhD (Mining Engineering) from UNSW for the thesis titled ‘Investigation of mine environmental monitoring with satellite based sensors’.

The PhD study was focused on evaluating satellite-based images for their potential applications in the surveillance of mining environments, including the condition of leachates, vegetation, air, water and land usage. This study points to the potential significance, and applications, of satellite based optical remote sensing technology at mine sites, both - underground and open cut as well as metal and coal.


Bachelor of Mining Engineering, completed with honours from India in 1994.